Dental Bone Graft
A dental bone graft is usually recommended for people who have bone loss in their jaw. Your dentist may suggest it if you are having a tooth extracted, need rebuilding of the jaw before placement of dentures, seek to replace a missing tooth with a dental implant, or need to fix bone loss due to gum disease.
What is a Bone Graft?
In regions where bone loss has occurred, bone graft provides volume and solidity to your jaw. The bone graft material can come from your own body (autogenous) or a human tissue bank (allograft), or an animal tissue bank (xenograft). The bone transplant material used in some cases may be synthetic (alloplast).
The Purpose of a Dental Bone Graft
Once the bone graft is in place, it creates space for your body to rebuild itself. A dental bone graft, in other words, acts as a scaffold for your own bone tissue to develop and regenerate. Your dentist may combine a bone graft with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in some circumstances. This is derived from a sample of your blood and is used to aid in tissue regeneration and healing.
The process of a typical bone graft is as follows:
- The dentist will give you anaesthesia before beginning the treatment. Your vital signs will be monitored throughout the process
- The area affected and to be treated is cleaned
- The dentist will create an incision in the gum so that it separates from the bone where the bone graft has to be placed
- The next step is to place the material between the two bone sections that need to grow together
- The dentist will use a dissolvable adhesive material, membrane, or special screws to secure the bone graft
- To begin the healing, the dentist sews the incision
Dental Bone Graft Aftercare
After your treatment is completed, your dentist will apply gauze to the area where the incision was made. This is to help protect the area and encourage the healing process to begin.
Your dentist will also provide you with aftercare instructions such as what to eat and drink and other precautions to practice for a certain period following the treatment. Additionally, you will be given instructions on how to change the dressing within the next 24 hours as well as a prescription for antibiotics to prevent infection and pain killers. You may also be required for follow-up check-ups.
Once the treatment is finished, it is normal to feel a dull pain in your jaw for up to a week. Afterward, this will come down to mild discomfort and you will experience improvement with more time. Your jaw should feel normal after a few weeks have passed. However, it can take a few months for your jaw to become strong enough for installing dental implants.
To learn more about bone grafts or book your appointment, please call or visit us at Randall Dentistry in Dallas.